Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals

Published since 2000 Media

ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print); ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)

The contamination of crops and yield of broad beans by methods of primary tillage

Authors: V. L. ULYASHEV, postgraduate student, V. V. RZAEVA, candidate of agricultural sciences, associate professor, State Agrarian University of Northern Trans-Urals (7 Respubliki Str., 625003, Tyumen)

Keywords: forage beans, tillage, contamination of crops, yield, grain, green mass.

Abstract: The article presents the results of studies on the influence of basic methods of tillage on the clogging and yield of forage beans. Research on the influence of the main methods of tillage on the weediness of crops and the yield of forage beans are carried out in the agricultural enterprise LLC „Sibiriya“ (Borovlyanka, Golyshmanovsky district, Tyumen region) using field and laboratory methods in the Northern forest – steppe of the Tyumen region on the options of experience: 1) plowing, 20–22 cm – dump method of tillage; 2) loosening, 23–25 cm – non-shaft method of processing; 3) alternation of plowing and loosening over the years in crop rotation (differentiated method, 2015 – loosening, 23–25 cm; 2016–2017 – plowing 20–22 cm). The highest yield of forage beans, both for green mass and grain obtained by plowing 20–22 cm (dump method of tillage). The elimination of the deficit of feed protein is the main task in the organization of science-based animal feed. It is more environmentally friendly and economical to fill the deficit of feed protein not at the expense of cake and meal, but by using legumes, such as forage beans.

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