Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals

Published since 2000 Media

ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print); ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)

Introduction study of some species of the holitone of the collection of aromatic and medicinal plants of the Nikita botanical gardens

Authors: L. A. LOGVINENKO, scientific researcher, О. М. SHEVCHUK, doctor of biological sciences, head of laboratory, E. N. KRAVCHENKO, researcher, The Labor Red Banner Order Nikita Botanical Gardens – National Scientific Center of the RAS (298648, Crimea, Yalta, urban settlement Nikita; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Keywords: Artemisia abrotanum L., A. argyi H.Lév. & Vaniot, A. feddei H.Lév. & Vaniot, A. campestris L., introduction, above-ground mass, essential oil, mass fraction, component composition.

Abstract: The article presents the data of a long-term introduction study of the four species new for the collection of aromatic and medicinal plants of the Nikita Botanical Gardens: Artemisia abrotanum L., A. argyi H. Lév. & Vaniot, A. feddei H. Lév. & Vaniot, A. campestris L., widely used in traditional medicine. It is shown that under the conditions of introduction on the Southern coast of Crimea, these species retain their life form, undergo a full cycle of development, forming seeds, belong to the group of long-vegetative plants of spring-summer-autumn-green phenoritotype with a mid-late summer flowering rhythm. According to the organoleptic and tasting evaluation, the raw materials of these species do not contain bitterness, which indicates the possibility of its use in the food industry. Leaves and inflorescences of all species contain easily extracted Ginsberg hydrodistillation essential oil, the content of which varies from 0.28 % (A. campestris) to 0.9 % (A. feddei) on dry weight, which allows characterizing these species as sources of essential oil raw materials. The biochemical composition of the essential oil Artemisia abrotanum, A. argyi and A. feddei is dominated by monocyclic and bicyclic monoterpenes (1,8-cyneole, camphor, artemisiaalcohol, etc.) and the almost complete absence of ketones, in particular ά- and β-thuion, whose presence in the essential oil requires the extremely careful use of raw materials in medicinal collections and extracts. The research results can serve as an experimental justification for determining the direction of use of raw materials of these species.

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